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ERIC Number: EJ1015184
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0038-0407
Paradoxical Inequalities: Adolescent Peer Relations in Indian Secondary Schools
Milner, Murray, Jr.
Sociology of Education, v86 n3 p253-267 Jul 2013
Peer relationships in secondary schools in two different cultural areas of India are compared. A general theory of status relations and a specification of the distinctive cultural features of each area are used to explain the observed differences in peer inequality, clique formation, petty deviance, putdowns, fashion consciousness, romantic relationships, and gossip. A surprising finding is that the degree of status inequality among school peers is inversely related to an ideological emphasis on equality and hierarchy: The more egalitarian the cultural ideology, the greater the inequality in peer relationships, and conversely, the more emphasis on hierarchy, the less the actual peer inequality. The apparent paradox is resolved by specifying the structural mechanisms through which cultural and ideological differences operate. Brief comparisons with the United States suggest that these findings are not unique to India. (Contains 19 notes and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A