NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1015123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0155-2147
And the Word Became Text: A 4 x 4 Toolkit for Scaffolding Writing in Secondary English
Humphrey, Sally
English in Australia, v48 n1 p46-55 Apr 2013
While teachers of English have long recognised the vital role they play in developing students' knowledge and effective use of language, the emergence of the Australian Curriculum: English has led to a great deal of discussion concerning the representation of language and the type of meta-language needed to share understandings of literacy and literature with students. Of particular concern is that teachers be provided with language resources which are not limited to either abstract representations of text structure or to decontextualised word level grammatical forms. This paper responds to these concerns by presenting a toolkit, developed as a 4 x 4 framework, to map the multifaceted resources needed to understand and generate texts within subject English, from the more abstract whole text level to their concrete manifestations as words and forms. In framing language resources according to the meanings and levels which are most at stake for literacy development and literature response, the 4 x 4 aims to provide resources for teachers in working with the three strands of the Australian Curriculum: English in meaningful and creative ways. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
Australian Association for the Teaching of English. English House, 416 Magill Road, Kensington Gardens, SA 5068 Australia. Tel: +61-8-8332-2845; Fax: +61-8-8333-0394; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A