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ERIC Number: EJ1015038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
On the Relationship between Autistic Traits and Executive Functioning in a Non-Clinical Dutch Student Population
Maes, Joseph HR; Vissers, Constance ThWM; Egger, Jos IM; Eling, Paul ATM
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v17 n4 p379-389 Jul 2013
We examined the association between autistic traits and different aspects of executive functioning (EF), using non-clinical Social Science and Science students as participants. Autistic traits, and associated personality traits, were measured using the Autism Quotient (AQ) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), respectively. EF was examined by means of a random number generation test and a phonemic fluency test. Using appropriate dependent measures, the following EF components were examined: (1) inhibition of prepotent responding, (2) simple output inhibition, (3) working memory monitoring and updating, and (4) switching. No significant relationship was found between the AQ and each of the four components of EF. However, two TCI subscales were reliably correlated with either the working memory or the shifting component. These results were discussed in view of the concept of an autism spectrum with respect to executive abilities. (Contains 2 tables and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A