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ERIC Number: EJ1014990
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-8756-5943
Prospective Associations between Youth Assets, Neighborhood Characteristics and No-Tobacco Use among Youth: Differences by Gender
Tolma, Eleni L.; Oman, Roy F.; Vesely, Sara K.; Aspy, Cheryl B.; Boeckman, Lindsay
Health Educator, v45 n1 p11-20, 47 Spr 2013
The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between youth assets and neighborhood environmental variables and future no-tobacco use among youth; examining differences by gender. Five waves of annual data were collected from 1,111 youth randomly selected to participate in the Youth Asset Study (YAS). A marginal logistic regression model using all five waves of tobacco use, gender, and their interaction was used to compare the change in tobacco use over time between males and females. Individual assets, asset score total, the six neighborhood variables, and the environment composite score assessed at waves 1-4 were analyzed as time-varying and lagged while controlling for demographics to predict no-tobacco use at waves 2-5. Among 1,093 youth (Mean age=14.3; 53% female; 40% white, 28% Hispanic, 23% African American, 9% other), the percentage of youth smoking increased significantly from baseline to wave 5 (4 years after baseline) for both females and males. Among females, sixteen assets were prospectively related with no-tobacco use whereas among males, fourteen assets were prospectively related with no-tobacco use. There were no significant differences between genders, and the neighborhood environment overall did not have an impact in the relationship between youth assets and future no-tobacco use. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oklahoma
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A