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ERIC Number: EJ1014906
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1746-1979
An Analysis of Historical Agency in Quebec History Textbooks
Ethier, Marc-Andre; Lefrancois, David; Demers, Stephanie
Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, v8 n2 p119-133 Jul 2013
In the 1980s, in Quebec history textbooks, authors presented history through linear, monocausal designs and attributed most social, political or economic changes favourable to democracy to unstable external causes or to stable external causes. They seldom attributed the evolution of democracy to "unstable internal causes". These textbooks presented citizens as having almost no active role in socio-historical changes. This invited students to analyse past controversial social issues from a fatalistic perspective or through subjective moral criteria, while reinforcing the assumption that people from the past had bad ideas that good people have fortunately refuted since. Quebec history programmes were reformed, in the 2000s, for middle and high schools. This article presents the results of a content analysis of the new history textbooks used in Quebec, to see whether they still present such a deterministic and relativist perspective of social change. The preliminary results show that they do. (Contains 1 note.) [The article was written with the collaboration of Francis Dupuis-Deri, Vincent Boutonnet and Marie-Helene Brunet.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A