ERIC Number: EJ1014833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
A Fractured Fable: "The Three Little Pigs" and Using Multiple Paradigms
Hurt, Andrew C.; Callahan, Jamie L.
New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource Development, v25 n3 p27-40 Sum 2013
Paradigms aid organizational researchers in their quest to find the "truth" of a particular event, phenomenon, activity, or topic and by providing them a framework with which to make assumptions about the nature of society and reality. According to Burrell and Morgan (1978), organizational researchers use one of four paradigms: functionalist, interpretivist, radical humanist, and radical structuralist. However, there is a growing body of research which postulates that multiple paradigms can be used to interpret organizational phenomenon (Lewis & Grimes, 1999). Nevertheless, truly understanding and applying these four primary paradigms is challenging, so before they can be used in an integrative manner, HRD scholars need to find a means to help professionals learn about and make sense of the concept of paradigms. We contend that a highly effective means of learning about complex phenomena are popular culture artifacts such as fables and fairy tales. Thus, this paper presents a fable of the aftermath of the "Three Little Pigs" fairy tale as a vehicle for presenting the concept of paradigms in an accessible way by relating the four paradigms as presented by Burrell and Morgan (1978) to each of the characters in the fable. The paper then concludes by offering suggestions for using multiple paradigms in sensemaking, teaching and learning, and organizational research.
Descriptors: Human Resources, Labor Force Development, Popular Culture, Fairy Tales, Teaching Methods, Story Telling, Models, Social Influences, Humanism, Individualism, Collectivism, Conflict, Social Systems, Philosophy, Context Effect, Teaching (Occupation)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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