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ERIC Number: EJ1014829
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Changing Multiple Adolescent Health Behaviors through School-Based Interventions: A Review of the Literature
Busch, Vincent; de Leeuw, Johannes Rob Josephus; de Harder, Alinda; Schrijvers, Augustinus Jacobus Petrus
Journal of School Health, v83 n7 p514-523 Jul 2013
Background: In approaches to health promotion in adolescents, unhealthy behaviors are no longer regarded as independent processes, but as interrelated. This article presents a systematic literature review of school-based interventions targeting multiple adolescent behaviors simultaneously. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Science Direct, and PsychInfo. Only papers written in English and describing original research were included. Results: Of 33 papers included, 23 focused on quantitative behavioral changes, and 10 on the evaluation of intervention development, implementation, and/or institutionalization. Parental and community involvement in the intervention seemed to be positively associated with effective changes in student health behaviors, whereas creating a healthy school environment and/or policies were less strongly associated with intervention effectiveness. Findings indicated that, for adequate implementation, an intervention should be integrated in pre-existent school settings, fine-tuned to its target population or environment, involve family and the community, and be led by the school itself, with there being a "healthy school coordinator" to coordinate the program. Conclusion: A multi-behavior, multi-actor approach would appear to be the most effective way to promote, at school, healthy behaviors among adolescents. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A