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ERIC Number: EJ1014106
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0896-3746
The Interaction Effect of Gender and Socioeconomic Status on Development of Preschool-Aged Children in Greece
Giagazoglou, Paraskevi
Infants and Young Children, v26 n2 p177-186 Apr-Jun 2013
The aim of this study was to examine and describe the effect of gender and socioeconomic status (SES) on preschool-aged children's overall development. Two hundred fifty-five preschoolers (125 boys and 130 girls), with a mean age of 56 plus or minus 9 months, were randomly selected from day care centers and kindergartens of different areas of Northern Greece. In terms of SES, the sample was divided to 3 groups (75 children coming from high-SES, 110 mid-SES, and 70 low-SES families) according to parental education, occupational status, and family income, which have been suggested as stable measures of SES. The overall development of children was assessed using the 6 scales of the Griffiths Test No. II. Two-way analysis of variance designs demonstrated no significant Group x Gender interaction ("p" greater than 0.05), whereas a post hoc analysis revealed that children coming from high-SES families had better scores on all domains of development examined than children of the other 2 SES groups ("p" less than 0.001). With respect to gender differences, no significant main effect on the General Developmental Quotient and on the Performance subscale ("p" greater than 0.05) was noticed, whereas there was a significant main effect noted in the remaining 5 scales. The findings of this study suggest that the related factors of SES and gender should be considered in the interpretation of Griffiths scales' performance, because they could prove to be important aspects that affect young children's general functioning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A