NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ1014023
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0148-432X
English Language Development: Guidelines for Instruction
Saunders, William; Goldenberg, Claude; Marcelletti, David
American Educator, v37 n2 p13-25, 38-39 Sum 2013
Having reviewed several bodies of research, the authors provide 14 guidelines for educators to help English learners (ELs) make greater strides in learning English. These guidelines are: (1) Providing English Language Development (ELD) instruction is better than not providing it; (2) ELD instruction should continue at least until ELs attain advanced English language ability; (3) The likelihood of establishing and sustaining an effective ELD instructional program increases when schools and districts make it a priority; (4) A separate, daily block of time should be devoted to ELD instruction; (5) English learners should be carefully grouped by language proficiency for ELD instruction, but they should not be segregated by language proficiency throughout the rest of the day; (6) ELD instruction should explicitly teach forms of English (e.g., vocabulary, syntax, morphology, functions, and conventions); (7) ELD instruction should emphasize academic language as well as conversational language; (8) ELD instruction should incorporate reading and writing, but should emphasize listening and speaking; (9) ELD instruction should integrate meaning and communication to support explicit teaching of language; (10) ELD instruction should be planned and delivered with specific language objectives in mind; (11) Use of English during ELD instruction should be maximized; the primary language should be used strategically; (12) ELD instruction should include interactive activities among students, but they must be carefully planned and carried out; (13) ELD instruction should provide students with corrective feedback on form. (Based on hypotheses emerging from recent EL research); and (14) Teachers should attend to communication and language-learning strategies and incorporate them into ELD instruction. (Contains 93 endnotes and 2 footnotes.)
American Federation of Teachers. 555 New Jersey Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001. Tel: 202-879-4400; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Lau v Nichols
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A