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ERIC Number: EJ1012920
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-1049-7315
Interventions to Reduce Distress in Adult Victims of Rape and Sexual Violence: A Systematic Review
Regehr, Cheryl; Alaggia, Ramona; Dennis, Jane; Pitts, Annabel; Saini, Michael
Research on Social Work Practice, v23 n3 p257-265 May 2013
Objectives: This article presents a systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing distress in adult victims of rape and sexual violence. Method: Studies were eligible for the review if the assignment of study participants to experimental or control groups was by random allocation or parallel cohort design. Results: Six studies including 405 participants met eligibility criteria. Meta-analyses revealed that specific cognitive and behavioral interventions (cognitive-processing therapy, prolonged exposure therapy, and eye movement desensitization reprocessing) had a statistically significant effect on posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in comparison to the control groups. Other outcomes that had demonstrated improvement included anxiety, guilt, and dissociation. Conclusion: Many studies assessing the effectiveness of interventions for decreasing trauma symptoms combine victims of sexual violence in adulthood with other trauma-based samples despite the profound differences in these experiences. This review again points to the need for increased research that focuses specifically on the effectiveness of treatment models for adult victims of sexual violence. (Contains 6 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A