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ERIC Number: EJ1012541
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5511
A Note on Sample Size and Solution Propriety for Confirmatory Factor Analytic Models
Jackson, Dennis L.; Voth, Jennifer; Frey, Marc P.
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v20 n1 p86-97 2013
Determining an appropriate sample size for use in latent variable modeling techniques has presented ongoing challenges to researchers. In particular, small sample sizes are known to present concerns over sampling error for the variances and covariances on which model estimation is based, as well as for fit indexes and convergence failures. The literature on the topic has focused on conducting power analyses as well as identifying rules of thumb for deciding an appropriate sample size. Often the advice involves an assumption that sample size requirement is moderated by aspects of the model in question. In this study, an effort was undertaken to extend the findings of Gagne and Hancock (2006) on measurement model quality and solution propriety to a broader set of confirmatory factor analysis models. As well, we examined whether Herzog, Boomsma, and Reinecke's (2007) findings for the Swain correction to the chi[superscript 2] statistic for large models would generalize to models in our study. Our findings suggest that Gagne and Hancock's approach extends to large models with surprisingly little increase in sample size requirements and that the Swain correction to [chi-squared] performs fairly well. We argue that likely rejection or model fit should be taken into account when determining sample size requirements and therefore, provide an updated table of minimum sample size that incorporates Gagne and Hancock's method and model fit. (Contains 4 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A