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ERIC Number: EJ1011996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
Incorporating Prototyping and Iteration into Intervention Development: A Case Study of a Dining Hall-Based Intervention
McClain, Arianna D.; Hekler, Eric B.; Gardner, Christopher D.
Journal of American College Health, v61 n2 p122-131 2013
Background: Previous research from the fields of computer science and engineering highlight the importance of an iterative design process (IDP) to create more creative and effective solutions. Objective: This study describes IDP as a new method for developing health behavior interventions and evaluates the effectiveness of a dining hall--based intervention developed using IDP on college students' eating behavior and values. Participants: participants were 458 students (52.6% female, age = 19.6 [plus-minus] 1.5 years [M [plus-minus] SD]). Methods: The intervention was developed via an IDP parallel process. A cluster-randomized controlled study compared differences in eating behavior among students in 4 university dining halls (2 intervention, 2 control). Results: The final intervention was a multicomponent, point-of-selection marketing campaign. Students in the intervention dining halls consumed significantly less junk food and high-fat meat and increased their perceived importance of eating a healthful diet relative to the control group. Conclusion: IDP may be valuable for the development of behavior change interventions. (Contains 4 figures and 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A