ERIC Number: EJ1011707
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Effect of Foster Care on Language Learning at Eight Years: Findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project
Windsor, Jennifer; Moraru, Ana; Nelson, Charles A., III.; Fox, Nathan A.; Zeanah, Charles H.
Journal of Child Language, v40 n3 p605-627 Jun 2013
This study reports on language outcomes at eight years from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized controlled study of foster care. We previously have shown that children placed in foster care by age two have substantially stronger preschool language outcomes than children placed later and children remaining in institutional care. One hundred and five children participated in the current study, fifty-four originally assigned to foster care and fifty-one to continued institutional care. Even though current placements varied, children originally in foster care had longer sentences and stronger sentence repetition and written word identification. Children placed in foster care by age two had significant advantages in word identification and nonword repetition; children placed by age 1 ; 3 performed equivalently to community peers. The results show the continuing adverse effects of early poor institutional care on later language development and the key importance of age of placement in a more optimal environment.
Descriptors: Foster Care, Language Acquisition, Early Intervention, Residential Institutions, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Placement, Child Language, Cohort Analysis, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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