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ERIC Number: EJ1011699
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0305-0009
Failure to Learn from Feedback underlies Word Learning Difficulties in Toddlers at Risk for Autism
Bedford, R.; Gliga, T.; Frame, K.; Hudry, K.; Chandler, S.; Johnson, M. H.; Charman, T.
Journal of Child Language, v40 spec iss 1 p29-46 Jan 2013
Children's assignment of novel words to nameless objects, over objects whose names they know (mutual exclusivity; ME) has been described as a driving force for vocabulary acquisition. Despite their ability to use ME to fast-map words (Preissler & Carey, 2005), children with autism show impaired language acquisition. We aimed to address this puzzle by building on studies showing that correct referent selection using ME does not lead to word learning unless ostensive feedback is provided on the child's object choice (Horst & Samuelson, 2008). We found that although toddlers aged 2;0 at risk for autism can use ME to choose the correct referent of a word, they do not benefit from feedback for long-term retention of the word-object mapping. Further, their difficulty using feedback is associated with their smaller receptive vocabularies. We propose that difficulties learning from social feedback, not lexical principles, limits vocabulary building during development in children at risk for autism. [This article was also authored by the BASIS Team: Simon Baron-Cohen, Patrick Bolton, Mayada Elsabbagh, Janice Fernandes, Holly Garwood, Greg Pasco, Leslie Tucker, and Agnes Volein.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A