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ERIC Number: EJ1010645
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 103
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0007-0998
Field Independence: Reviewing the Evidence
Evans, Carol; Richardson, John T. E.; Waring, Michael
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v83 n2 p210-224 Jun 2013
Background: The construct of ?eld independence (FI) remains one of the most widely cited notions in research on cognitive style and on learning and instruction more generally. However, a great deal of confusion continues to exist around the de?nition of FI, its measurement, and the interpretation of research results, all of which have served to limit our understanding of and practice in education. Aims: This study reviews research evidence on FI and highlights key issues to frame a more informed agenda for future research. Arguments: Caution needs to be exercised over the interpretation of the evidence around FI and ?eld dependence (FD). In tests measuring FI only, it is inappropriate to use the term FD. FI is clearly correlated with measures of spatial ability; however, whether FI is just a measure of perceptual and more speci?cally spatial ability is a matter of debate. Furthermore, whether FI is just a cognitive ability or a cognitive style is not the central issue, as both can be developed. FI has a signi?cant relationship with aspects of working memory and with other variables. It is especially important in the management and interpretation of complex cognitive tasks. Conclusions: Field independence has an important role to play in the navigation of the complex and information-rich learning environments of the 21st century. It is therefore important to move beyond the present narrow focus on FI as a style or trait by acknowledging, embracing, and exploring the complexity of the interaction between individual and contextual variables.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A