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ERIC Number: EJ1009843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May-16
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-0309-8249
Learning from Others
Bakhurst, David
Journal of Philosophy of Education, v47 n2 p187-203 May 2013
John McDowell begins his essay "Knowledge by Hearsay" (1993) by describing two ways language matters to epistemology. The first is that, by understanding and accepting someone else's utterance, a person can acquire knowledge. This is what philosophers call "knowledge by testimony." The second is that children acquire knowledge in the course of learning their first language--in acquiring language, a child inherits a conception of the world. In "The Formation of Reason" (2011), and my writings on Russian socio-historical philosophy and psychology, I address issues bearing on the second of these topics, questions about the child's development through initiation into language and other forms of social being. In this article, I focus on the first: the epistemology of testimony. After expounding a view of testimony inspired by McDowell, and supplemented by ideas from Sebastian Rödl, I consider how such an account illuminates two issues in philosophy of education: the extent of an individual's epistemic dependence upon others, and the nature of teaching. (Contains 9 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A