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ERIC Number: EJ1008793
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-1040-3590
On the Factor Structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II: G Is the Key
Brouwer, Danny; Meijer, Rob R.; Zevalkink, Jolien
Psychological Assessment, v25 n1 p136-145 Mar 2013
The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II; Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996) is intended to measure severity of depression, and because items represent a broad range of depressive symptoms, some multidimensionality exists. In recent factor-analytic studies, there has been a debate about whether the BDI-II can be considered as one scale or whether subscales should be distinguished. In the present study, we applied a bifactor model to evaluate the extent to which scores reflect a single variable in a large sample of 1,530 clinical outpatients. We found that total scale score variation reflected some multidimensionality, but not enough to justify the scoring of subscales. We conclude that the BDI-II total scale score reflects a single construct and that reporting and interpreting subscale scores may result in misleading conclusions. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure, and 3 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory