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ERIC Number: EJ1008622
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Domain-General and Domain-Specific Aspects of Temporal Discounting in Children with ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): A Proof of Concept Study
Demurie, Ellen; Roeyers, Herbert; Baeyens, Dieter; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v34 n6 p1870-1880 Jun 2013
It has been shown that delayed consumable rewards are discounted to a higher degree than money, which has been referred to as the "domain effect". Until now the effects of reward type on temporal discounting (TD) have mainly been studied in adults. Although there is evidence that children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to show steeper TD of money than typically developing peers or children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), it remains untested whether the domain effect is also seen in children with ADHD and ASD. To explore this we compared TD of children (8-16 year) with ADHD, ASD and typically developing controls with five different reward types. Seventy-two participants with ADHD, 69 with ASD and 130 controls performed two hypothetical TD-tasks: a monetary TD-task and a TD-task with one of four alternative rewards (material rewards, rewarding activities, food, social rewards). TD was seen for all reward types, but the rate of discounting was steeper for food, praise and rewarding activities compared to money, and for food and praise compared to material rewards. For the ADHD and control groups, but not the ASD group, money and material rewards were equally highly discounted. High correlations between TD of money and of activities, food and material rewards were found. In conclusion, a domain effect was observed in typically developing children, as well as in children with ADHD or ASD, although the pattern was somewhat different for ASD children. Despite this domain effect, there is also evidence for a domain-general aspect in TD. (Contains 3 tables and 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A