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ERIC Number: EJ1008468
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Development and Validation of a 2 x 2 Model of Time-Related Academic Behavior: Procrastination and Timely Engagement
Strunk, Kamden K.; Cho, YoonJung; Steele, Misty R.; Bridges, Stacey L.
Learning and Individual Differences, v25 p35-44 Jun 2013
Procrastination is an educational concern for classroom instructors because of its negative psychological and academic impacts on students. However, the traditional view of procrastination as a unidimensional construct is insufficient in two regards. First, the construct needs to be viewed more broadly as time-related academic behavior, encompassing both procrastination and timely engagement. Secondly, the underlying motivation of these behaviors needs to be considered. Therefore, we developed and validated a 2 x 2 model of time-related academic behavior. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor structure, and correlation with a unidimensional measure of procrastination also supported this model. Furthermore, the 2 x 2 model demonstrated significantly better fit to the data than potentially competing models. Structural equation modeling with achievement goals revealed that the 2 x 2 model unveiled relationships previously obscured in the traditional model, including that procrastination appeared to be used as a performance-enhancing strategy, while timely engagement was used to enhance mastery. The theoretical and practical implications of these new relationships are discussed. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A