NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1008452
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0360-1315
Online Formative Assessments with Social Network Awareness
Lin, Jian-Wei; Lai, Yuan-Cheng
Computers & Education, v66 p40-53 Aug 2013
Social network awareness (SNA) has been used extensively as one of the strategies to increase knowledge sharing and collaboration opportunities. However, most SNA studies either focus on being aware of peer's knowledge context or on social context. This work proposes online formative assessments with SNA, trying to address the problems of online formative assessment (i.e. lack of individual assistances and low participant rate) and enhance learning effectiveness. This study focuses on being aware both peer's social context and knowledge context for student to promote the opportunity of peer interaction and to select the appropriate helpers to ask for help when facing problems in online assessments. Social-context information particularly includes centrality (i.e. social network position) of a candidate, and social distance (i.e. the shortest distance between the candidate and a seeker) in a sociogram, and nimbus (i.e. willingness to help others) of a candidate. A corresponding system, called Social Network Awareness for Formative Assessments (SNAFA), is further developed. The education experiments particularly focused on the effects of social-context awareness on learning activity and social activity. The results showed that the SNAFA not only increase the participant rate of students on formative assessment and opportunities of knowledge sharing, but also promote learning achievement, compared to the Traditional Formative Assessment (TFA). Meanwhile, centrality, which is represented by two indices: degree and closeness, also plays an important role in the SNAFA environment. More specifically, students with higher centrality (regardless of degree and closeness) (1) are more likely to take advantage of the social network position to ask for help, (2) easily become target helpers that peers seek to, (3) utilize the SNAFA more frequently, and (4) have better learning achievement, compared with those with lower centrality. (Contains 11 tables and 4 figures.)
Elsevier. 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. Tel: 800-325-4177; Tel: 314-447-8000; Fax: 314-447-8033; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A