NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1008425
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Caregiver Survey of Pharmacotherapy to Treat Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Individuals with Williams Syndrome
Martens, Marilee A.; Seyfer, Daisha L.; Andridge, Rebecca R.; Foster, Jessica E. A.; McClure, Kelsey E.; Coury, Daniel L.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v34 n5 p1700-1709 May 2013
Williams syndrome (WS) is a genetic condition characterized by a unique neurocognitive and behavioral profile, including increased incidence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The purpose of the present study was to examine the perceived helpfulness and side effects of medications used to treat ADHD (methylphenidate class, amphetamine class, atomoxetine) in individuals with WS. This was accomplished with a survey of parents/caregivers of individuals with WS through the Williams Syndrome Association. Five-hundred twelve (512) parents/caregivers responded to the survey regarding their child's/adult child's use of ADHD medications. Twenty-seven percent (27%) of the individuals had been prescribed a medication for ADHD, most commonly a methylphenidate class medication. OROS-methylphenidate was reported as the most helpful methylphenidate class formulation, with 74% reporting it at least somewhat helpful. Survey participants reported similar side effects as typically developing controls, but to a greater degree. Irritability was the most commonly endorsed side effect of an ADHD medication (38%). Individuals reported use of stimulant medications in the presence and absence of underlying cardiac conditions, with 56% of ADHD medication users reporting supravalvular aortic stenosis, 36% pulmonary artery stenosis, and 25% systemic hypertension. Individuals taking ADHD medications were more likely to report dental problems (p = 0.004). Additional studies are needed to further investigate these findings and examine short-versus long-acting stimulant medications and dosage effects. (Contains 5 tables.)
Elsevier. 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. Tel: 800-325-4177; Tel: 314-447-8000; Fax: 314-447-8033; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A