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ERIC Number: EJ1008331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Test Anxiety in Written and Oral Examinations
Sparfeldt, Jorn R.; Rost, Detlef H.; Baumeister, Ulrike M.; Christ, Oliver
Learning and Individual Differences, v24 p198-203 Apr 2013
The distinction of different test anxiety reactions (e.g., worry, emotionality) is well established. Recently, additional relevance has been given to school-subject-specific test anxiety factors. The present study explored a further aspect concerning the structure of test anxiety experiences, specifically oral versus written examination modes. A questionnaire was administered to 682 high school students (grades 9 to 10) in which three aspects were systematically combined: different test anxiety factors (worry, emotionality), school-subjects (mathematics, German), and examination modes (written, oral). Confirmatory factor analyses supported a structure with eight school-subject-specific and examination-mode-specific test anxiety factors. Differential relationships revealed evidence for convergent and discriminant validity of these eight specific test anxiety factors with two test anxiety initiating conditions (recitation situations, lack of knowledge). (Contains 6 tables.)
Elsevier. 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. Tel: 800-325-4177; Tel: 314-447-8000; Fax: 314-447-8033; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A