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ERIC Number: EJ1008227
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0095-182X
History of Transracial Adoption: A New Zealand Perspective
Newman, Erica
American Indian Quarterly, v37 n1-2 p237-257 Win-Spr 2013
This article explores the New Zealand legal history of adoption and the effect it has had on Maori. The status of children within Maori and European societies before and during the early contact periods differed, and it is from here that the author begins this article. These two societies had their own terms in relation to the care of children by those who were not the biological parents. Europeans use the term "adopt," while Maori use the term "whangai." Although these terms relate to the care of children by those who are not the biological parents, they possess different ideals. Due to these differences, European society was faced with challenges when informally adopting a child. These challenges led to the establishment of the 1881 Adoption of Children Act. While this act initially had no effect on the practice of "whangai," by 1901 the Native Land Act required "whangai" to be registered and then recorded in the "New Zealand Gazette." Over time a number of changes made to adoption laws that affected Maori were based on the issue of who had rights to land succession. (Contains 79 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand