ERIC Number: EJ1008101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
The Dynamic Still-Face Effect: Do Infants Decrease Bidding over Time when Parents Are Not Responsive?
Ekas, Naomi V.; Haltigan, John D.; Messinger, Daniel S.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n6 p1027-1035 Jun 2013
The still-face paradigm (SFP) was designed to assess infant expectations that parents will respond to infant communicative signals. During the still-face (SF) episode, the parent ceases interaction and maintains a neutral expression. Original, qualitative descriptions of infant behavior suggested changes within the SF episode: infants decrease bidding and disengage from their impassive parent. Research has documented changes in mean levels of infant behavior between episodes of the SFP. The hypothesis that infant behavior changes "within" the SF episode has not been empirically tested. In this study, hierarchical linear modeling indicated that infant gazing at the parent, smiling, and social bidding (smiling while gazing at the parent) decreased with time in the SF episode, while infant cry-face expressions increased. Changes in infant behaviors within the SF episode were associated with infant attachment and infant internalizing problems. The dynamic still-face effect quantifies infant initiation of interaction in the face of parental unresponsiveness and is a potential predictor of individual differences in development. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
Descriptors: Infant Behavior, Behavior Change, Infants, Parents, Interpersonal Communication, Interaction, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A