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ERIC Number: EJ1007898
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Social-Cognitive Correlates of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Minority and Non-Minority Youth
Franko, Debra L.; Cousineau, Tara M.; Rodgers, Rachel F.; Roehrig, James P.; Hoffman, Jessica A.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v45 n2 p96-101 Mar-Apr 2013
Objective: Inadequate fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption signals a need for identifying predictors and correlates of intake, particularly in diverse adolescents. Design: Participants completed an on-line assessment in early 2010. Setting: Computer classrooms in 4 high schools. Participants: One hundred twenty-two Caucasian and 125 minority (African American and Hispanic) high school students (mean age = 15.3 years, SD = 1.0) with parental consent. Response rate was 89%. Variables Measured: Self-efficacy as measured by confidence in goal setting and decision making about healthful eating; perceived benefits and barriers to eating FVs; healthful eating-related social support; body esteem; and FV intake. Analysis: "t" tests were used to examine group differences, and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the predictors of 5-A-Day FV consumption. Results: Thirty-four percent of the non-minority group and 28% of the minority group reported eating 5 or more portions of FVs a day (P = 0.34). Self-efficacy and perceived benefits predicted consumption in minority participants, whereas barriers and social support were significant predictors in the non-minority group. Conclusions and Implications: These findings suggest different variables predict consumption for minority and non-minority groups and that self-efficacy is an important variable to consider in dietary change programs for minority adolescents. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A