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ERIC Number: EJ1007777
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Developments in Motivation and Achievement during Primary School: A Longitudinal Study on Group-Specific Differences
Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique
Learning and Individual Differences, v23 p195-204 Feb 2013
To gain insight in developmental trajectories of motivation during upper primary school, the present study focused on how different aspects of students' motivation, i.e., task-orientation, self-efficacy, and school investment develop from grade three to six of primary school and how these developments differ for boys and girls, and students with different ethnic or social backgrounds. Furthermore the longitudinal relation between motivation and achievement in reading comprehension was examined. A total of 722 students completed questionnaires during five measurements. Latent growth curve analyses were performed. Results showed a negative development in task-orientation, self-efficacy remained relatively stable and school investment increased over time, but there were considerable differences in developments across different groups of students. Regardless of gender and background, however, developments in these aspects of motivation were substantially positively related to developments in achievement, beyond what can be explained by cognitive ability and background characteristics. (Contains 6 tables and 4 figures.)
Elsevier. 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. Tel: 800-325-4177; Tel: 314-447-8000; Fax: 314-447-8033; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A