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ERIC Number: EJ1007590
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Eye Movement Control during Scene Viewing: Immediate Effects of Scene Luminance on Fixation Durations
Henderson, John M.; Nuthmann, Antje; Luke, Steven G.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v39 n2 p318-322 Apr 2013
Recent research on eye movements during scene viewing has primarily focused on where the eyes fixate. But eye fixations also differ in their durations. Here we investigated whether fixation durations in scene viewing are under the direct and immediate control of the current visual input. Subjects freely viewed photographs of scenes in preparation for a later memory test while their eye movements were recorded. Using a novel scene degradation paradigm based on a saccade-contingent display change method, scenes were reduced in luminance during saccades ending in critical fixations. Results from two experiments showed that the durations of the critical fixations were immediately affected by scene luminance, with a monotonic relationship between luminance reduction and fixation duration. The results are the first to demonstrate that fixation durations in scene viewing are immediately influenced by the ease of processing of the image currently in view. These results are consistent with the CRISP (a timer-"C"ontrolled "R"andom-Walk with "I"nhibition for "S"accade "P"lanning) computational model of saccade generation in scenes, proposing that difficulty in moment-by-moment visual and cognitive processing of the scene modulates fixation durations. (Contains 2 figures and 2 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina; United Kingdom (Scotland)