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ERIC Number: EJ1007483
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
Using Stimulus Fading without Escape Extinction to Increase Compliance with Toothbrushing in Children with Autism
Bishop, Michele R.; Kenzer, Amy L.; Coffman, Christine M.; Tarbox, Courtney M.; Tarbox, Jonathan; Lanagan, Taira M.
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v7 n6 p680-686 Jun 2013
Routine toothbrushing is an essential part of good oral hygiene. This study investigated the use of stimulus fading without escape extinction to increase compliance with toothbrushing with three children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A 30-step stimulus fading hierarchy was implemented; gradually increasing the proximity of the toothbrush to the child's mouth, the duration of exposure to the toothbrush, and finally the duration of toothbrushing. Results demonstrated increased compliance with clinician implemented toothbrushing and generalization to caregivers for all participants. Systematic probes, conducted throughout the intervention, eliminated approximately 50% of the stimulus fading steps for each participant, with the specific steps omitted varying across participants. This study extends the generality of stimulus fading without escape extinction to oral hygiene practices for children with ASD. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A