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ERIC Number: EJ1007411
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Matters of Accuracy and Conventionality: Prior Accuracy Guides Children's Evaluations of Others' Actions
Scofield, Jason; Gilpin, Ansley Tullos; Pierucci, Jillian; Morgan, Reed
Developmental Psychology, v49 n3 p432-438 Mar 2013
Studies show that children trust previously reliable sources over previously unreliable ones (e.g., Koenig, Clement, & Harris, 2004). However, it is unclear from these studies whether children rely on accuracy or conventionality to determine the reliability and, ultimately, the trustworthiness of a particular source. In the current study, 3- and 4-year-olds were asked to endorse and imitate one of two actors performing an unfamiliar action, one actor who was unconventional but successful and one who was conventional but unsuccessful. These data demonstrated that children preferred endorsing and imitating the unconventional but successful actor. Results suggest that when the accuracy and conventionality of a source are put into conflict, children may give priority to accuracy over conventionality when estimating the source's reliability and, ultimately, when deciding who to trust. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 5 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A