ERIC Number: EJ1007408
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 154
Knowing when to Doubt: Developing a Critical Stance when Learning from Others
Mills, Candice M.
Developmental Psychology, v49 n3 p404-418 Mar 2013
Children may be biased toward accepting information as true, but the fact remains that children are exposed to misinformation from many sources, and mastering the intricacies of doubt is necessary. The current article examines this issue, focusing on understanding developmental changes and consistencies in children's ability to take a critical stance toward information. Research reviewed includes studies of children's ability to detect ignorance, inaccuracy, incompetence, deception, and distortion. Particular emphasis is placed on what this research indicates about how children are reasoning about when to trust and when to doubt. The remainder of the article proposes a framework to evaluate preexisting research and encourage further research, closing with a discussion of several other overarching questions that should be considered to develop a model to explain developmental, individual, and situational differences in children's ability to evaluate information.
Descriptors: Young Children, Information Seeking, Access to Information, Information Skills, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Information Sources, Bias, Misconceptions, Evaluative Thinking, Trust (Psychology), Social Cognition, Theory Practice Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A