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ERIC Number: EJ1007316
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
How 24-Month-Olds Form and Transfer Knowledge about Tools: The Role of Perceptual, Functional, Causal, and Feedback Information
Bechtel, Sabrina; Jeschonek, Susanna; Pauen, Sabina
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v115 n1 p163-179 May 2013
This study investigated cognitive processes underlying tool use and knowledge transfer in 24-month-olds (N = 123). Following a demonstration, participants chose a tool to reach a reward in a training transfer paradigm. Differing from previous research, various aspects considered to be relevant for children's performance were integrated within the same study design, and performance was examined on a trial-by-trial basis. More specifically, we analyzed how the following aspects affected toddlers' learning and transfer performance: causal information, degree of conflict between perceptually salient and functionally relevant information, and feedback information. Children with access to causal information outperformed children without corresponding information during the training and transfer phases. Perceptual conflict had a negative impact on transfer performance. However, children were quickly able to correct their choices based on feedback. Results are discussed in the light of recent accounts on tool use understanding. (Contains 5 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A