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ERIC Number: EJ1007265
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0277
Memory Constraints on Infants' Cross-Situational Statistical Learning
Vlach, Haley A.; Johnson, Scott P.
Cognition, v127 n3 p375-382 Jun 2013
Infants are able to map linguistic labels to referents in the world by tracking co-occurrence probabilities across learning events, a behavior often termed "cross-situational statistical learning." This study builds upon existing research by examining infants' developing ability to aggregate and retrieve word-referent pairings over time. 16- and 20-month-old infants (N = 32) were presented with a cross-situational statistical learning task in which half of the object-label pairings were presented in immediate succession (massed) and half were distributed across time (interleaved). Results revealed striking developmental differences in word mapping performance; infants in both age groups were able to learn pairings presented in immediate succession, but only 20-month-old infants were able to correctly infer pairings distributed over time. This work reveals significant constraints on infants' ability to aggregate and retrieve object-label pairings across time and challenges theories of cross-situational statistical learning that rest on retrieval processes as successful and automatic. (Contains 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A