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ERIC Number: EJ1007110
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Eye Movements Reveal How Task Difficulty Moulds Visual Search
Young, Angela H.; Hulleman, Johan
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v39 n1 p168-190 Feb 2013
In two experiments we investigated the relationship between eye movements and performance in visual search tasks of varying difficulty. Experiment 1 provided evidence that a single process is used for search among static and moving items. Moreover, we estimated the functional visual field (FVF) from the gaze coordinates and found that its size during visual search shrinks with increasing task difficulty. In Experiment 2, we used a gaze-contingent window and confirmed the validity of the size estimates. The experiment also revealed that breakdown in robustness against item motion is related to item-by-item search, rather than search difficulty per se. We argue that visual search is an eye-movement-based process that works on a continuum, from almost parallel (where many items can be processed within a fixation) to completely serial (where only one item can be processed within a fixation). (Contains 15 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A