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ERIC Number: EJ1007097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 58
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 583
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2909
The Validity of Individual Rorschach Variables: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of the Comprehensive System
Mihura, Joni L.; Meyer, Gregory J.; Dumitrascu, Nicolae; Bombel, George
Psychological Bulletin, v139 n3 p548-605 May 2013
We systematically evaluated the peer-reviewed Rorschach validity literature for the 65 main variables in the popular Comprehensive System (CS). Across 53 meta-analyses examining variables against externally assessed criteria (e.g., observer ratings, psychiatric diagnosis), the mean validity was r = 0.27 (k = 770) as compared to r = 0.08 (k = 386) across 42 meta-analyses examining variables against introspectively assessed criteria (e.g., self-report). Using Hemphill's (2003) data-driven guidelines for interpreting the magnitude of assessment effect sizes with only externally assessed criteria, we found 13 variables had excellent support (r [greater than or equal to] 0.33, p less than 0.001; [therefore] FSN greater than 50), 17 had good support (r [greater than or equal to] 0.21, p less than 0.05, FSN [greater than or equal to] 10), 10 had modest support (p less than 0.05 and either r [greater than or equal to] 0.21, FSN less than 10, or r = 0.15-0.20, FSN [greater than or equal to] 10), 13 had little (p less than 0.05 and either r = less than 0.15 or FSN less than 10) or no support (p greater than 0.05), and 12 had no construct-relevant validity studies. The variables with the strongest support were largely those that assess cognitive and perceptual processes (e.g., "Perceptual-Thinking Index", "Synthesized Response"); those with the least support tended to be very rare (e.g., "Color Projection") or some of the more recently developed scales (e.g., "Egocentricity Index", "Isolation Index"). Our findings are less positive, more nuanced, and more inclusive than those reported in the CS test manual. We discuss study limitations and the implications for research and clinical practice, including the importance of using different methods in order to improve our understanding of people. (Contains 4 tables, 2 figures and 29 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rorschach Test