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ERIC Number: EJ1007092
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2909
Disentangling Decoupling: Comment on Smallwood (2013)
Franklin, Michael S.; Mrazek, Michael D.; Broadway, James M.; Schooler, Jonathan W.
Psychological Bulletin, v139 n3 p536-541 May 2013
Smallwood (2013) made important contributions to the science of mind wandering by distinguishing between 2 aspects of the mind-wandering experience: (a) "how" the mind wanders, which entails the "process" of maintaining the continuity of a mind-wandering episode, and (b) "why" the mind wanders, which refers to those mechanisms that lead to the "occurrence" of a mind-wandering episode. This new process-occurrence framework offers a way to compare and contrast existing theories of mind wandering and highlights key questions to be addressed in future work; however, we suggest that in characterizing one of the core mechanisms of mind wandering, Smallwood conflated the occurrence of a phenomenon with its explanation. Specifically, the occurrence of perceptual decoupling (i.e., that mind wandering is associated with reduced attention to external stimuli) was conflated with an explanation for its occurrence (i.e., in order to insulate the internal train of thought). Disentangling the theory of perceptual decoupling raises questions regarding both its role in insulating the internal train of thought in mind wandering and its unique theoretical contributions to the "how/process" of mind wandering. (Contains 1 footnote.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A