ERIC Number: EJ1006945
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Ideas versus Labor: What Do Children Value in Artistic Creation?
Li, Vivian; Shaw, Alex; Olson, Kristina R.
Cognition, v127 n1 p38-45 Apr 2013
As scientists, we primarily award authorship, as well as legal patents, to those who generate ideas, often without formally crediting others who executed the actual experiments. However, little is known about how and when people come to value ideas. Here, we investigate whether young children also value ideas over labor. In Study 1, we found that 4 and 6 year olds preferred pictures containing their ideas to those containing their labor. In Study 2 we rule out an alternative explanation--that children simply favor pictures containing their idiosyncratic preferences--by discovering that 6 year olds, but not 4 year olds chose a picture they mistakenly believed contained their idea, over a picture that contained their idiosyncratic preferences. Consistent with these results, using a third-party design in Study 3, we found that 6 year olds, but not 4 year olds favored a person who only contributed an idea over another who only contributed labor in awarding ownership. Across three studies, these results suggest that by 6 years old, children value ideas over labor. (Contains 4 figures.)
Descriptors: Young Children, Value Judgment, Intellectual Property, Labor, Art Expression, Visual Aids, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A