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ERIC Number: EJ1006908
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 87
ISSN: ISSN-0096-3445
Cross-Cultural Evidence that the Nonverbal Expression of Pride Is an Automatic Status Signal
Tracy, Jessica L.; Shariff, Azim F.; Zhao, Wanying; Henrich, Joseph
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v142 n1 p163-180 Feb 2013
To test whether the pride expression is an implicit, reliably developing signal of high social status in humans, the authors conducted a series of experiments that measured implicit and explicit cognitive associations between pride displays and high-status concepts in two culturally disparate populations--North American undergraduates and Fijian villagers living in a traditional, small-scale society. In both groups, pride displays produced strong implicit associations with high status, despite Fijian social norms discouraging overt displays of pride. Also in both groups, implicit and explicit associations between emotion expressions and status were dissociated; despite the cross-cultural implicit association between pride displays and high status, happy displays were, cross-culturally, the more powerful status indicator at an explicit level, and among Fijians, happy and pride displays were equally strongly implicitly associated with status. Finally, a cultural difference emerged: Fijians viewed happy displays as more deserving of high status than did North Americans, both implicitly and explicitly. Together, these findings suggest that the display and recognition of pride may be part of a suite of adaptations for negotiating status relationships, but that the high-status message of pride is largely communicated through implicit cognitive processes. (Contains 5 figures, 2 tables, and 6 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Fiji