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ERIC Number: EJ1006348
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0277
A Non-Mentalistic Cause-Based Heuristic in Human Social Evaluations
Buon, Marine; Jacob, Pierre; Loissel, Elsa; Dupoux, Emmanuel
Cognition, v126 n2 p149-155 Feb 2013
In situations where an agent unintentionally causes harm to a victim, the agent's (harmless) intention typically carries "more" weight than his/her (harmful) causal role. Therefore, healthy adults typically judge leniently agents responsible for an accident. Using animated cartoons, we show, however, that in the presence of a difficult concurrent task, this result is reversed: the agent's harmless intention is given "less" weight than her harmful causal role, inducing participants to judge harshly the accidental agent. This was found even though cognitive load did not selectively impair the detection of intentions over causal roles. Not only is this finding evidence that the social/moral evaluation system relies on two dissociable components, but it also demonstrates that these components are asymmetrical, the causal component being more intuitive than the intentional component, and the full integration of the two requiring central cognitive resources. (Contains 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A