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ERIC Number: EJ1006302
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0951-354X
Effects of Social Support on Professors' Work Stress
Moeller, Christin; Chung-Yan, Greg A.
International Journal of Educational Management, v27 n3 p188-202 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how various types of workplace social support from different support sources interact with occupational stressors to predict the psychological well-being of university professors. Design/method/approach: A total of 99 full-time professors participated via an online or paper questionnaire. Findings: Using moderated hierarchical multiple regressions, the results support the hypotheses that the effects of occupational stressors on professors' psychological well-being vary depending on the level of perceived workplace social support. However, although workplace social support buffered the effects of some occupational stressors (i.e. work overload), social support exacerbated the adverse effects of others (i.e. decision-making ambiguity). Research limitations/implications: The dichotomous effects of social support suggest that the impact of social support may be moderated by another variable, such as perceived control over the stressor at hand. The present findings echo calls for further refinements to models of social support to examine how individuals' situational appraisals shape the variable interactive effects of stressors and social support on individuals' health and well-being. Originality/value: This study provides new insight into academic work stress by systematically examining the effects of workplace social support on professors' work stress experience. This study also extends our current understanding of the relationships among stressors, strains, and social support by providing empirical evidence that workplace social support is neither consistently beneficial nor a unidimensional construct. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada