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ERIC Number: EJ1006285
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1934-9556
Definition of Intellectual Disability in Criminal Court Cases
Olley, J. Gregory
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v51 n2 p117-121 Apr 2013
Definitions and associated descriptions of the condition now commonly known as "intellectual disability" serve many functions. The "Atkins v. Virginia" U.S. Supreme Court decision (2002) has called attention to the importance of clear, objective, and measureable wording of the definition. This article discusses the potential for misunderstanding and misinterpretation of such words as "ability" and "cognitive," the importance of clarifying the role of measurement error and sociocultural factors, and the noncausal relationship between impairment in intelligence and adaptive behavior.
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 7065, Lawrence, KS 66044-7065. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A