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ERIC Number: EJ1006105
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep
Reference Count: 58
What Is Religiosity?
Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, v10 n1 p89-103 Sep 2006
Religiosity is a complex concept and difficult to define for at least two reasons. The first reason is the uncertainty and imprecise nature of the English language. Colloquially, in "Roget's Thesaurus" (Lewis, 1978), religiosity is found to be synonymous with such terms as religiousness, orthodoxy, faith, belief, piousness, devotion, and holiness. These synonyms reflect what studies of religiosity would term as dimensions of religiosity, rather than terms that are equivalent to religiosity. A second reason for this complexity is that current interest in the concept of religiosity crosses several academic disciplines, each approaching religiosity from different vantage points, and few consulting one another (Cardwell, 1980; Demerath & Hammond, 1969). Because the term religiosity is widely used, but difficult to define in a manner that is agreed upon by all researchers, there is a wide variety of measurement tools being developed to examine the individual dimensions of religiosity. Approaching religiosity from different academic disciplines affects both the focus and the content of the measurement tool. The positive effects of religiosity, in both the social and educational realms, are attracting the attention of many researchers. The application of a variety of the dimensions of religiosity to specific situations in everyday life is the subject of much research. Religiosity affects not only specific demographic groups, but individuals as well. Although the general conclusion is that religiosity leads to good consequences in life, few studies find a correlation between the cognitive dimension of religiosity and prosocial behavior, or the connection between knowledge and moral behavior.
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Researchers, Religion, Definitions, Measurement, Beliefs, Religious Factors, Interdisciplinary Approach, Moral Values, Knowledge Level
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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