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ERIC Number: EJ1006006
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-1059-7069
Examining the Roles of the Facilitator in Online and Face-to-Face PD Contexts
Park, Gina; Johnson, Heather; Vath, Richard; Kubitskey, Beth; Fishman, Barry
Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, v21 n2 p225-245 Apr 2013
Online teacher professional development has become an alternative to face-to-face professional development. Such a shift from face-to-face to online professional development, however, brings new challenges for professional development facilitators, whose roles are crucial in orchestrating teacher learning. This paper is motivated by the need to address the current gap in our understanding of what is entailed in the roles of facilitators, and how those roles might vary by context (i.e., face-to-face or asynchronous online). We drew on Anderson et al.'s (2001) "teaching presence" framework to lay the groundwork for characterizing the role of online and face-to-face facilitators. Qualitative analysis revealed that although professional development facilitators attended to similar issues irrespective of the context, the actions they engaged in to attend to these issues varied by context. Further exploration and synthesis of the findings suggests that shifting from traditional face-to-face to online professional development presents several design and instructional tensions that can impact how facilitators carry out their roles to support teacher learning. We conclude by using the findings from this study to present potential design tensions or pedagogical challenges that might arise when facilitators shift from face-to-face to online professional development contexts. (Contains 5 tables.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A