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ERIC Number: EJ1005806
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
ISSN: ISSN-1063-4266
Patterns and Predictors of Disciplinary Exclusion over Time: An Analysis of the SEELS National Data Set
Bowman-Perrott, Lisa; Benz, Michael R.; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan; Kwok, Oi-Man; Eisterhold, Leigh Ann; Zhang, Dalun
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, v21 n2 p83-96 Jun 2013
Disciplinary exclusion practices are on the rise nationally, as are concerns about their disproportionate use and lack of effectiveness. This study used data from the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study to examine patterns and predictors of disciplinary exclusion over time. Students with emotional/behavioral disorders were most likely to be excluded and be excluded multiple times, followed by students with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and students with learning disabilities. For all student groups, being excluded in the first wave was a strong predictor of being excluded at later points in time. Student gender (male students) and ethnicity (African American students) were associated with a greater probability of exclusion over time. Students with higher social skills, as reported by teachers, had a lower probability of being excluded over time. Implications for practice, policy, and future research are discussed. (Contains 2 tables, 2 figures, and 3 notes.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED544771; ED544799; ED544770