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ERIC Number: EJ1005738
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Pages: 45
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect and a National Policy of Within-School Ability Streaming: Alternative Frames of Reference
Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Martin, Andrew J.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Yeung, Alexander S.
American Educational Research Journal, v50 n2 p326-370 Apr 2013
The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) was evaluated with 4,461 seventh to ninth graders in Singapore where a national policy of ability streaming is implemented. Consistent with the BFLPE, when prior achievement was controlled, students in the high-ability stream had lower English and mathematics self-concepts (ESCs and MSCs) and those in the lower-ability stream had higher ESCs and MSCs. Consistent with the local-dominance effect, the effect of stream-average achievement on ESCs and MSCs was more negative than--and completely subsumed--the negative effect of school-average achievement. However, stream-average achievement was stronger than, or as strong as, the more local class-average achievement. Taken together, findings highlight the potential interplay of a local dominance effect with variability and/or salience of target comparisons in academic self-concept formations. (Contains 4 tables, 2 figures, and 2 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Description Questionnaire