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ERIC Number: EJ1005624
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1058-0360
Acoustic Characteristics of Simulated Respiratory-Induced Vocal Tremor
Lester, Rosemary A.; Story, Brad H.
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, v22 n2 p205-211 May 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of respiratory forced oscillation to the acoustic characteristics of vocal tremor. Method: Acoustical analyses were performed to determine the characteristics of the intensity and fundamental frequency (F[subscript 0]) for speech samples obtained by Farinella, Hixon, Hoit, Story, and Jones (2006) using a respiratory forced oscillation paradigm with 5 healthy adult males to simulate vocal tremor involving respiratory pressure modulation. The analyzed conditions were sustained productions of /a/ with amplitudes of applied pressure of 0, 1, 2, and 4 cmH[subscript 2]O and a rate of 5 Hz. Results: Forced oscillation of the respiratory system produced modulation of the intensity and F[subscript 0] for all participants. Variability was observed between participants and conditions in the change in intensity and F[subscript 0] per unit of pressure change, as well as in the mean intensity and F[subscript 0]. However, the extent of modulation of intensity and F[subscript 0] generally increased as the applied pressure increased, as would be expected. Conclusion: These findings suggest that individuals develop idiosyncratic adaptations to pressure modulations, which are important to understanding aspects of variability in vocal tremor, and highlight the need to assess all components of the speech mechanism that may be directly or indirectly affected by tremor. (Contains 2 tables and 6 figures.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://ajslp.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A