ERIC Number: EJ1005332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Estradiol-Induced Object Recognition Memory Consolidation Is Dependent on Activation of mTOR Signaling in the Dorsal Hippocampus
Fortress, Ashley M.; Fan, Lu; Orr, Patrick T.; Zhao, Zaorui; Frick, Karyn M.
Learning & Memory, v20 n3 p147-155 Mar 2013
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is an important regulator of protein synthesis and is essential for various forms of hippocampal memory. Here, we asked whether the enhancement of object recognition memory consolidation produced by dorsal hippocampal infusion of 17[Beta]-estradiol (E[subscript 2]) is dependent on mTOR signaling in the dorsal hippocampus, and whether E[subscript 2]-induced mTOR signaling is dependent on dorsal hippocampal phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation. We first demonstrated that the enhancement of object recognition induced by E[subscript 2] was blocked by dorsal hippocampal inhibition of ERK, PI3K, or mTOR activation. We then showed that an increase in dorsal hippocampal ERK phosphorylation 5 min after intracerebroventricular (ICV) E[subscript 2] infusion was also blocked by dorsal hippocampal infusion of the three cell signaling inhibitors. Next, we found that ICV infusion of E[subscript 2] increased phosphorylation of the downstream mTOR targets S6K (Thr-421) and 4E-BP1 in the dorsal hippocampus 5 min after infusion, and that this phosphorylation was blocked by dorsal hippocampal infusion of inhibitors of ERK, PI3K, and mTOR. Collectively, these data demonstrate for the first time that activation of the dorsal hippocampal mTOR signaling pathway is necessary for E[subscript 2] to enhance object recognition memory consolidation and that E[subscript 2]-induced mTOR activation is dependent on upstream activation of ERK and PI3K signaling.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A