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ERIC Number: EJ1005161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1058-0360
Toward Validation of a Minimal Competence Core of Morphosyntax for African American Children
Stockman, Ida J.; Guillory, Barbara; Seibert, Marilyn; Boult, Johanna
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, v22 n1 p40-56 Feb 2013
Purpose: The authors set out to determine (a) whether African American children's spontaneous spoken language met use criteria for a revised minimal competence core with original and added morphosyntactic patterns at different geographical locations, and (b) whether pass/fail status on this core was differentiated on other criterion measures of language maturity. Method: The authors used a common set of activities and stimuli to elicit spontaneous speech samples from Head Start students, age 3;0 (years; months). The 119 participants were distributed at a northern (Lansing, MI) and a southern (Baton Rouge, LA) location. Results: More than 80% of the children at each location met criteria for 10 core competencies. They included sentence length, type, complexity, and morphosyntactic elaborations of sentences at the lexical, phrasal, and clausal levels. The 2 most significant predictors of pass/fail outcomes in a regression analysis were (a) clinical referral status and (b) the number of different words (NDW[subscript 100]) spoken in a speech sample. Conclusion: A minimal competence core analyses of spontaneous oral language samples may help to identify delayed spoken grammars in African American children. (Contains 8 tables.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://ajslp.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Louisiana; Michigan