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ERIC Number: EJ1004965
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-1043-4046
Pulmonary and Cutaneous O[subscript 2] Gas Exchange: A Student Laboratory Exercise in the Frog
Tattersall, Glenn J.; Currie, Suzanne; LeBlanc, Danielle M.
Advances in Physiology Education, v37 n1 p97-105 Mar 2013
Gas exchange in animals is ultimately diffusion based, generally occurring across dedicated respiratory organs. In many aquatic amphibians, however, multiple modes of gas exchange exist, allowing for the partitioning of O[subscript 2] uptake and CO[subscript 2] excretion between respiratory organs with different efficiencies. For example, due to the physical properties of O[subscript 2] being vastly different between air and water phases, the lung and skin play disproportionately important roles in O[subscript 2] uptake. Many aquatic frogs are renowned for their cutaneous gas exchange capacity, where often the majority of CO[subscript 2] is excreted across the skin. Furthermore, the roles of these gas exchange organs change with the animal's behavior. Under diving conditions, most of the frog's gas exchange needs must be met by the skin. In this article, we describe an interactive undergraduate laboratory that allows a class of students to share equipment while assessing pulmonary and cutaneous respiration in frogs provided with an air/water choice and under enforced dive conditions. Concepts explored in this laboratory exercise include animal energetics, diving reflex, pulmonary and cutaneous gas exchange processes, diffusion-based gas flux, and O[subscript 2] debt. (Contains 2 tables and 4 figures.)
American Physiological Society. 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991. Tel: 301-634-7164; Fax: 301-634-7241; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A