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ERIC Number: EJ1004735
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1944-7515
Attitudes of Pakistani Community Members and Staff toward People with Intellectual Disability
Patka, Mazna; Keys, Christopher B.; Henry, David B.; McDonald, Katherine E.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v118 n1 p32-43 Jan 2013
The acceptance and inclusion of persons with intellectual disability can vary across cultures, and understanding attitudes can provide insight into such variation. To our knowledge, no previous study has explored attitudes toward people with intellectual disability among Pakistani community members and disability service providers. We administered the Community Living Attitudes Scale (Henry et al., 1996), a measure of attitudes toward people with intellectual disability developed in the United States, to 262 community members and 190 disability service providers in Pakistan. Confirmatory factor analysis found a 4-factor solution (empowerment, similarity, exclusion, and sheltering) fit the Pakistani sample. More positive attitudes were observed in staff serving people with intellectual disability, females, Christians, Hindus, Sunnis, and people with greater education. We discuss implications for research, theory, and practice.
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan