ERIC Number: EJ1004691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Is Multilingualism Linked to a Higher Tolerance of Ambiguity?
DeWaele, Jean-Marc; Wei, Li
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v16 n1 p231-240 Jan 2013
The present study investigates the link between multilingualism and the personality trait Tolerance of Ambiguity (TA) among 2158 mono-, bi- and multilinguals. Monolinguals and bilinguals scored significantly lower on TA compared to multilinguals. A high level of global proficiency of various languages was linked to higher TA scores. A stay abroad of more than three months was also linked to higher TA although the effect levelled off after one year. Growing up in a multilingual family had no effect on TA. These findings show that a high level of multilingualism makes individuals more at ease in dealing with ambiguity, but we acknowledge that a higher level of TA can also strengthen an individual's inclination to become multilingual.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Foreign Countries, Multilingualism, Correlation, Scores, Bilingualism, Language Proficiency, Study Abroad, Cultural Awareness, Family Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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